Illustrated guide of waits with names

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Illustrated guide of waits with names

Post by Shirluban » Mon Jan 25, 2010 8:08 pm

Originally posted by Barticle here.
Thanks Barticle :)

Please reply in the original thread, and let this one clear.


More important than knowing the names is knowing the probabilities.

Tanki - pair wait, one tile waiting for another of the same

:east :east :east :south :south :south :west :west :west :north :north :north 2-crak
wait: 2-crak

As there are four copies of each tile in the full set - and you have one of them - you are waiting for only three tiles.

Some of these might be unavailable if already discarded, in a melded set or in the dead wall so three is the theoretical maximum number.

Ryanmen - the serial pair or two-sided wait, waiting to complete either end of a chow

:east :east :east :south :south :south :west :west :west :north :north 4-dot 5-dot
waits: 3-dot 6-dot

Of the five basic waits, this one gives the highest chance of winning - you are waiting for eight tiles in total (four each of the two waits).

A hand must be won on a Ryanmen wait in order to qualify for the Pinfu yaku.

Kanchan - centre wait, waiting on the middle tile of a chow

:east :east :east :south :south :south :west :west :west :north :north 6-bam 8-bam
wait: 7-bam

You are waiting on four tiles.

Penchan - edge wait, a ryanmen including a 1 or 9 hence only waiting on one side

:east :east :east :south :south :south :west :west :west :north :north 1-dot 2-dot
wait: 3-dot

Again you are waiting on four tiles.

Shanpon - I call it a \"double pair wait\", a hand with three complete sets and two pairs, one of which must become a pung

:east :east :east :south :south :south :west :west :west 8-crak 8-crak 8-dot 8-dot
waits: 8-crak 8-dot

With this one too you are waiting on four tiles but this time two each of the two different waits.
Cats don't do タンヤオ (tan-yao) but タニャーオ (ta-nya-o).
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Re:Illustrated guide of waits with names

Post by Shirluban » Tue Jan 26, 2010 7:15 pm

Edit: I\'ve corrected the nobetan wait name and added an 8 tiles length example for ryanmenten

Nobetan - I call it a \"floating pair wait\". Four consecutive tiles giving you a tanki wait on one side and another tanki wait on the other side.

:east :east :east :south :south :south :west :west :west 2-dot 3-dot 4-dot 5-dot

You are waiting on 2-dot (22 345) and 5-dot (234 55), for a total of 6 tiles.

In both cases you end on a pair, so you get 2 fu and you do not qualify for the Pinfu yaku.

Ryanmenten - five consecutive tiles gives you two ryanmen waits.

:east :east :east :south :south :south :west :west 2-bam 3-bam 4-bam 5-bam 6-bam
waits: 1-bam 4-bam 7-bam

You have one ryanmen wait with 23 + 456 and a second one with 234 + 56.
This hand waits on 11 tiles.

Note that eight consecutive tiles does the same:
:east :east :east :south :south 1-dot 2-dot 3-dot 4-dot 5-dot 6-dot 7-dot 8-dot
waits: 3-dot 6-dot 9-dot
This time, the hand waits on \"only\" 10 tiles.

Sanmentan - this time it\'s seven consecutive tiles for three tanki waits at the same time.

:east :east :east :south :south :south 1-crak 2-crak 3-crak 4-crak 5-crak 6-crak 7-crak
waits: 1-crak 4-crak 7-crak

You are waiting on 9 tiles.

name unknown - a combination of a ryanmen and a tanki.

:east :east :east :south :south :south :west :west :west 5-bam 6-bam 6-bam 6-bam
waits: 4-bam 5-bam 7-bam

:east :east :east :south :south :south :west :west :west 4-dot 4-dot 4-dot 5-dot
waits: 3-dot 5-dot 6-dot

You are waiting on 11 tiles.

name unknown - a combination of a ryanmen and a shanpon.
:east :east :east :south :south :south 2-bam 3-bam 4-bam 4-bam 4-bam 8-crak 8-crak
waits: 1-bam 4-bam 8-crak

You are waiting on 7 tiles.
Cats don't do タンヤオ (tan-yao) but タニャーオ (ta-nya-o).
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Re:Illustrated guide of waits with names

Post by deJENNerate » Wed Jan 27, 2010 4:58 pm

Only have a second, but this one:
Ryanmentanki (unsure name) - I call it a \"floating pair wait\". Four consecutive tiles giving you a tanki wait on one side and another tanki wait on the other side.



You are waiting on (22 345) and (234 55), for a total of 6 tiles.

In both cases you end on a pair, so you get 2 fu and you do not qualify for the Pinfu yaku.
Is called \"Nobetan\"

I\'ll try to get to the others by the weekend v(^^

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Re:Illustrated guide of waits with names

Post by Shirluban » Sat Jan 30, 2010 6:35 pm

name unknown

2-crak 3-crak 4-crak 4-crak 5-crak 5-crak 5-crak 6-crak 6-crak 7-crak 7-crak 8-crak 8-crak
Waits: 1-crak 3-crak 4-crak 6-crak 9-crak (14 tiles)

This hand includes a ryanmenten wait
2-crak 3-crak 4-crak. 5-crak 5-crak. 6-crak 7-crak 8-crak. 4-crak 5-crak 6-crak 7-crak 8-crak
and a mere ryanmen wait
2-crak 3-crak - 4-crak 4-crak - 5-crak 5-crak 5-crak - 6-crak 7-crak 8-crak - 6-crak 7-crak 8-crak


name unknown

2-dot 3-dot 4-dot 4-dot 4-dot 5-dot 5-dot 5-dot 6-dot 6-dot 6-dot 7-dot 8-dot
Waits: 1-dot 2-dot 4-dot 5-dot 6-dot 8-dot 9-dot(17 tiles)

Did you see the two ryanmen waits
2-dot 3-dot - 4-dot 4-dot 4-dot - 5-dot 5-dot 5-dot - 6-dot 6-dot - 6-dot 7-dot 8-dot
2-dot 3-dot 4-dot - 4-dot 4-dot - 5-dot 5-dot 5-dot - 6-dot 6-dot 6-dot - 7-dot 8-dot
and the sanmentan wait
2-dot 3-dot 4-dot 5-dot 6-dot 7-dot 8-dot - 4-dot 5-dot 6-dot - 4-dot 5-dot 6-dot


Junsei Chuurenpoutou / Chuuren Pooto Kyuumen Machi - the well known nine-sided wait.

1-bam 1-bam 1-bam 2-bam 3-bam 4-bam 5-bam 6-bam 7-bam 8-bam 9-bam 9-bam 9-bam
Waits: 1-bam 2-bam 3-bam 4-bam 5-bam 6-bam 7-bam 8-bam 9-bam (23 tiles)

What is less known, is how it waits on nine tiles:
a sanmentan
1-bam 1-bam 1-bam - 2-bam 3-bam 4-bam 5-bam 6-bam 7-bam 8-bam - 9-bam 9-bam 9-bam
a ryanmenten
1-bam 1-bam 1-bam - 2-bam 3-bam 4-bam 5-bam 6-bam - 7-bam 8-bam 9-bam - 9-bam 9-bam
an other ryanmenten
1-bam 1-bam - 1-bam 2-bam 3-bam - 4-bam 5-bam 6-bam 7-bam 8-bam - 9-bam 9-bam 9-bam


Junsei Kokushimusou - the well known 13-sided wait, and the nicer way to win with kokushi musoo.
1-bam 9-bam 1-crak 9-crak 1-dot 9-dot :east :south :west :north green-dra white-dra red-dra
Get only one more of these tiles and you win.

You are waiting on 39 tiles, near 1/3 of all the tiles (28%)!
Cats don't do タンヤオ (tan-yao) but タニャーオ (ta-nya-o).
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Re:Illustrated guide of waits with names

Post by Shirluban » Sat Jan 30, 2010 7:07 pm

name unknown - You should have no problem to see the shanpon wait, but did you see the ryanmen wait?

:east :east :east 5-bam 5-bam 5-bam 6-bam 6-bam 6-bam 7-bam 7-bam 1-crak 1-crak
Waits: 4-bam 7-bam 1-crak (8 tiles)

name unknown - It\'s not just a tanki wait, it\'s a shanpon and ryanmen wait too.

:east :east :east :south :south :south 5-bam 5-bam 5-bam 6-bam 6-bam 6-bam 7-bam
Waits: 5-bam 6-bam 7-bam 8-bam (9 tiles)
Last edited by Shirluban on Thu Dec 29, 2011 4:24 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Reason: Add the 8sou wait, thanks Iapetus.
Cats don't do タンヤオ (tan-yao) but タニャーオ (ta-nya-o).
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Re:Illustrated guide of waits with names

Post by Barticle » Sun Jan 31, 2010 11:01 am

I´ve been doing some research and found a few more terms relating to waits... B)

Hadakatanki - literally a naked (exposed) Tanki wait where you have four open sets which leaves a single concealed tile to match for your pair.

Harabote - a Shanpon or Tanki wait inside a chow (a Tanki in this example).

:east :east :east :south :south :south :west :west :west 2-bam 3-bam 3-bam 4-bam
wait: 3-bam

The name Harabote means \"visibly pregnant\" - the wait is \"showing\" inside the chow like a pregnant woman´s bump! :laugh:

Takame and Yasume - where one of your waiting tiles would give you more yaku than the other, the more valuable wait tile is the Takame and the other is the Yasume. Taka means \"expensive\" and Yasu means \"cheap\".

:east :east :east :south :south :south :west :west 1-dot 2-dot 2-dot 3-dot 3-dot
waits: 1-dot 4-dot

In this example the Takame is the 1 tile as this would give you Chanta and Ippeikou; the Yasume is the 4 tile.

You might choose to skip an opportunity to ron on the 4 if you think you can get the 1 later. Of course if you self-draw the 4 and discard it you will be furiten and only able to win by tsumo.

Tamenchan - a general name for any wait with three or more sides, the most common example would probably be the three-sided Ryanmenten wait.

Karaten - literally \"empty tenpai\" (it´s the same Kara as karate and karaoke), this is when all of your waiting tiles are unavailable, i.e. already discarded or used in sets.

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Re:Illustrated guide of waits with names

Post by Barticle » Fri Feb 12, 2010 1:41 pm

Some more names from this page.

Jigoku Machi - literally a \"hell wait\", this is a Tanki Machi (pair wait) where two of the three winning tiles are unavailable so you are waiting on a single instance of a single tile.

:east :east :east :south :south :south 1-dot (chii) 1-dot 2-dot 3-dot(chii) 1-dot 2-dot 3-dot
wait: 1-dot

Nakabukure Tanki - a \"swollen centre\" Tanki wait inside a chow, like the Harabote example above.

Pentan - combination of a Penchan and a Tanki.

:east :east :east :south :south :south :west :west :west 1-crak 1-crak 1-crak 2-crak
waits: 2-crak 3-crak

:east :east :east :south :south :south :west :west :west 1-crak 2-crak 2-crak 2-crak
waits: 1-crak 3-crak

Kantan - combination of a Kanchan and a Tanki.

:east :east :east :south :south :south :west :west :west 1-crak 3-crak 3-crak 3-crak

waits: 1-crak 2-crak

Tatsumaki - literally a \"tornado\"!

:east :east :east :south :south :south 3-bam 3-bam 3-bam 4-bam 5-bam 5-bam 5-bam
waits: 2-bam 3-bam 4-bam 5-bam 6-bam

Kantankan - two Kanchan waits and a Tanki.

:east :east :east :south :south :south 3-dot 3-dot 3-dot 5-dot 7-dot 7-dot 7-dot
waits: 4-dot 5-dot 6-dot

Happoubijin - a \"person who is beautiful from all angles\"!

:east :east :east 2-bam 2-bam 2-bam 3-bam 4-bam 5-bam 6-bam 7-bam 7-bam 7-bam
waits: 1-bam 2-bam 3-bam 4-bam 5-bam 6-bam 7-bam 8-bam

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Re:Illustrated guide of waits with names

Post by Robert » Sat Feb 13, 2010 11:47 am

\"Happoubijin\" must be a play on words, because literally, \"happou\" means \"eight directions\", and it is an eight-sided wait.

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Re: Illustrated guide of waits with names

Post by Goldeneye » Wed Jun 29, 2011 3:47 pm

I encountered this the other day in Janryumon, and it basically is a combination of a Nobetan and a Ryanmenten, which is a five sided wait.

I had the following: 4-crak 4-crak 4-crak 5-crak 6-crak 7-crak 8-crak ...
Waiting for the 3-crak 5-crak 6-crak 8-crak 9-crak (which means waiting for 1 of 17 possible tiles)

I did eventually draw a 5-crak to go out.

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Re: Illustrated guide of waits with names

Post by Iapetus » Mon Aug 22, 2011 12:10 am

I like to think of many waits as variations of the ankou-tan shapes.

The classic 5-way in the above post I call extended ryantan.

Tatsumaki is two-sided ryantan.

Happoujibin is extended two-sided ryantan. There's also the two-sided extended ryantan
2-dot 2-dot 2-dot 3-dot 4-dot 4-dot 4-dot 5-dot 6-dot 7-dot which waits on 6 tiles.

Kantankan is two-sided kantan, and there's also extended kantan
2-dot 2-dot 2-dot 4-dot 5-dot 6-dot 7-dot and two-sided extended kantan with an added 9-dot 9-dot 9-dot .

Nine gates is double-extended two-sided pentan.

This works in almost any way with both pentans and ryantans. You can add a triplet or a chow on any side of the wait and it keeps improving.

Shirluban wrote:name unknown
name unknown - It\'s not just a tanki wait, it\'s a shanpon wait too.

:east :east :east :south :south :south 5-bam 5-bam 5-bam 6-bam 6-bam 6-bam 7-bam
Waits: 5-bam 6-bam 7-bam (5 tiles)
Also waits on 8-bam for 9 tiles total. This, too, is an evolved ryantan shape.

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Re: Illustrated guide of waits with names

Post by Kyuu » Sat May 26, 2012 11:18 pm

How about the case of a "dead wait"? In this situation, all possible tiles for a wait are either discarded, used in an open meld, or used as a dora-indicator. In order, the possibility of winning a hand is zero.

Like in this (ooops) erroneous example:

Image

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Re: Re:Illustrated guide of waits with names

Post by Barticle » Sun May 27, 2012 1:42 am

Barticle wrote:Karaten - literally "empty tenpai" (it's the same Kara as karate and karaoke), this is when all of your waiting tiles are unavailable, i.e. already discarded or used in sets.

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Re: Illustrated guide of waits with names

Post by Kyuu » Sun May 27, 2012 5:45 pm

Cool. Cool.

Came across this kind of wait last night:

3-crak 3-crak 3-crak 4-crak 5-crak 6-crak 6-crak 6-crak 7-dot 8-dot 9-dot 6-bam 6-bam

This is essentially waiting on: 3-crak, 6-crak, 6-bam

Just another Shanpon + Ryanmen wait.

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Re: Illustrated guide of waits with names

Post by Kyuu » Mon May 28, 2012 7:21 pm

Not a tenpai hand, but this sort of pattern should have a name too. Right?

1-dot 3-dot 5-dot 2-crak 2-crak 2-crak 7-crak 7-crak 7-crak :east :east :west :west

1-shanten hand waiting on 2-dot or 4-dot in order to get to tenpai.

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Re: Illustrated guide of waits with names

Post by Iapetus » Tue May 29, 2012 7:41 am


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